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Genetic factors may also affect the development of fibroids. Red meat, alcohol, and caffeine By Mandy Nyama This, the Month of March: Women’s Month, as a way of honouring them for their Courage and Contribution to the Healthcare Sector, on this week’s health Column I am going to talk about FIBROIDS. Most Women develop Fibroids from the age of 30, and between 20% to 70% of women have Fibroids according to the Office Of Women’s Health. What are Fibroids Fibroids are non-cancerous tumours that grow in, on, or within the walls of the womb. Uterine fibroids are growths in or on the walls of the uterus. They consist of smooth muscle cells. When a fibroid is cancerous, it is called a leiomyosarcoma Types: Subserosal fibroids: These are the most common type. They grow on the outside of the uterus. Intramural fibroids: These grow inside the muscular wall of the uterus. Submucosal fibroids: These grow into the open space inside the uterus. Symptoms Heavy Menstrual periods, painful periods, Lower backache, discomfort in the lower abdomen, pain during sex, fertility problems associated with fibroids. Causes It remains unclear exactly what causes fibroids.