8 min

What is a Gamba/Iqhawe (Hero or Heroine)

By Akson Potera

For the sake of minimising the number of words and many languages usage, I will use the word Hero for both sexes.

Hero literally means a brave fighter.

But to be precise a hero is someone who is renowned for a particularly helpful or crucial work at the communal, national oriInternational level.

Heros may be called icons, legends, or champions.

The unfortunate situation is that heroes are accorded such iconic respectful stata after death.

I tried to research why heroes are not given or accorded that status during their lifetime ie after a certain period of doing the brave or helpful and recognisable work.

No concrete evidence came to the fore.

Another issue that my research found is that there are no national set standards that confine one to be a hero.



Hero determination factors are as follows:

1. Politics
2. Culture
3. Religion
4. Sacrificial death (eg Jesus).
5. Economic or Business.

Many people throughout the world have died for or in different fields of work which earned them the hero status.

Nelson Mandela who I have put on the main picture, Robert Mugabe, Martin Luther, etc. There are many heroes of our times – too many to mention. I would even know where to start.

I don’t think such heroes are recognised in Zimbabwe except political heroes. More so in Africa we have a culture of not honouring our heroes.

For now, my focus is on who is a national hero? How and why should they be declared national heroes?

Zimbabwe is undoubtedly a multinational party though some have tried to make it a one-party state but dismally failed.

Ironically, national hero status is decided by a political party that is totally wrong, unconstitutional and undemocratic.

Political hatred and love is the principal determining factor whether one should or shouldn’t be a hero.

Allowing a party to decide who should qualify to be a hero is painfully an oppressive act.

Heroes must be decided by a parliament panel or committee or portfolio ir inclusivity.

If those people have been found to have contributed to the nation either on the right or left hand of politics, as long as they were fighting for a national admissible cause, they qualify for hero status.

It looks like Zanu-PF was solely awarded a tender to determine who should qualify to be a hero.

There are people who define the two terms, nationalism and patriotism as love and loyalty to Zanu pf instead of Zimbabwe.

There are so many people who should have been accorded the hero status, one of them is Morgan Richard Tsvangirai and others from Zapu, MDC, ZUM, and other political parties.

It seems Zimbabwe will or is divided into two states based on Democracy and Patriotism.

The parallelism between the two political giants in Zimbabwe is similar to Christians and Moslems in Nigeria, Sudan which split into South and North and now slips into Mozambique.

This unrepentant political ideology of total authoritarian leadership augmented by kleptocracy is one reason why most Ndebeles think of being independent hence the formation of Mthwakazi Republic which has now a political arm called MRP.

Sooner or later Zimbabwe will be divided or be ungovernable.

I wish the current political leaders should stop being living heroes of being dare and should slowly mutate to accommodate all Zimbabweans.

No leader is credited for causing problems and failing to solve them.

A leader should be renowned for providing solutions to national problems.

The hidden heroes and heroines must be known and accorded the respect they deserve.



Zanu-PF and MDC must set their political differences aside to serve and save our nation.


Zimbabwe (Dzimbabwe or Dzimbadzemabwe) means houses of stone, and this literally means strength of structure.

Biblically, a house built on the rock is stronger and lasts forever – rather than one that is built on soil.

This symbol of strength must be restored by Zanu-PF, MDCA, and all of us.

It is high time that Zanu-PF and MDC A should shift from politics of power to politics of national interest and development.

Based on my 10 point National Dialogue Forum (NDF) which I proposed and was published by many media houses including The Sunday Express, it is certainly possible and beneficial for Zanu-PF and MDCA to come to the round table for the sake of pulling our only beautiful country out of the mud.


1. If Zanu-PF considers the total number of voters for which voted for the two parties – they obviously must (not should) come together as a way of respecting 5k+ voters who voted in 2018.

2. Opposition supporters are Zimbabweans too and pay the same tax as those in Zanu-PF and/or supporting it. So the taxpayer’s money should be economically spent for every citizen despite their political view or belief. Thus MDCA should also be part and parcel of any national development plan (NDP).

3. There are certain skills (technical and contextual) that are locked out of the government because they are banked in the opposition storage system.

That is wrong, after elections all Zimbabweans must switch off the election mode and shift to national development or national interest which needs public (MDCA and Zanu included), private and 3rd sectors.

4. It is not a hidden fact that Zanu pf alone has failed so it needs other parties like what Ramaphosa did when he came in, he appointed “Patricia De Lille of ID” the little known party as a minister, that alone shows leadership competence.

Even in Tswane Metro EFF is working with ANC after Mmusi Maimane and Herman Mashaba of DA left the party.

5. Poverty has no boundaries. But so is development. Hence all Zimbabweans must fight it together for the betterment of their lives.

6. Application of devolution is the first step towards unity of purpose. If Zimbabweans form developmental bonds across the country, no doubt Zimbabwe will develop.


Selfishness only serves the interests of the few while all voters suffer the same consequences.

When Mandela took power in 1994 he didn’t stash National Party leadership under the carpet. NP then led by PW Botha continued to serve in the Mandela government.

Mbeki took over and worked with the then ANC arch-rival, Dr Mangosuthu Buthelezi of IFP as minister of home affairs, that is leadership.

Opponents are not enemies and the slogan “Pasi na Nhingi” has no room for a free Zimbabwe.

Zanu pf and MDCA differences have become a thorn in our lives. For the above reasons, it is of paramount importance to have Zanu-PF and MDC clusters and formations must find each other

Concerned Citizen Akson Potera

This is Community Politics.

Empowerment is the beginning of development.

Akson Potera, Interim President of ADP Zimbabwe. adpzimdev@gmail.com



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