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Indeni (family genes). Talking DNA: Translated From Isindebele: Part 1

We inherit one set of 23 chromosomes from our mother and one set of 23 chromosomes from our father By Bhekani Dube Humans have plants that when we look at them we take something and use it to make certain words or sentences that we use in speech or in the advice about life. I would like to focus more on one of the crops we call them manioc, these are pumpkins, cucumbers, melons and water melons. These crop's growth cycle starts by planting the seed into warm ground- and after the seed receives adequate nutrients, sunlight, and water, it sprouts out of the soil and then starts blossom. It can grow wide, cover with leaves, reach the stage of flowering and then grow fruits. This small fruit later becomes the original seed bearer of the family tree.

We inherit one set of 23 chromosomes from our mother and one set of 23 chromosomes from our father

By Bhekani Dube

 

Humans have plants that when we look at them we take something and use it to make certain words or sentences that we use in speech or in the advice about life.

I would like to focus more on one of the crops we call them manioc, these are pumpkins, cucumbers, melons and water melons.

These crop’s growth cycle starts by planting the seed into warm ground- and after the seed receives adequate nutrients, sunlight, and water, it sprouts out of the soil and then starts blossom.

It can grow wide, cover with leaves, reach the stage of flowering and then grow fruits.

This small fruit later becomes the original seed bearer of the family tree. Every plant have different stages of growth, and you have to understand how they grow so you will know what to expect when growing the plant.

 

 

 

 

However the lesson of today isn’t about just growing pumpkin or melons, but it’s about how our forefathers managed to use the plants in naming words and how they managed to keep the family tree still tact to the main root which is the founder and origin of one.

To understand all this, we have to know more about DNA, GENES and chromosomes.

Humans, like every organism, are made up of cells. We all start off as just one cell at the time of fertilisation.

As the single cell divides, all genes are copied so that every new cell possesses a full set of genetic material: the genome.

The mechanism of copying the genome is quiet remarkable considering that the human body contains approximately ten trillion cells. The genome is made of a chemical called DNA or deoxyribonucleic acid and is organised in chromosomes, which contain genes.

 

What is DNA

 

DNA is a long molecule that contains our unique genetic code. Like a recipe book, it holds the instructions for making all the proteins in our bodies.

DNA is composed of two strands that wrap around each other to form a double helix shape, like a spiral staircase. Each strand of DNA is formed of four basic building blocks or ‘bases’: amenities (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G) and thymine (T).

The order, or sequence, of these bases determines our unique genetic code and contains the instructions for producing molecules in our bodies. A single gene may be many thousands of bases long.

 

 

 

 

The cell’s molecular machinery reads the DNA code three-letters at a time.

Each three letter sequence codes for a particular amino acid: the building blocks of proteins.

These proteins do the majority of the work in the cells and are required for the structure, function, and regulation of the body’s tissues and organs. Examples of proteins include the kertai in hair, pigments that give eye colour and enzymes digesting food in the stomach.

 

What is a gene

 

Genes are sections to produce one specific molecule in your body, usually a protein. These proteins control how our body grows and works; they are also responsible for mant of our characteristics, such as our eye color, blood type or height.

The human genome contains around 20,687 protei-coding genes. Different genes or instructions are read at different times in different cells in response to the requirements of our bodies.

Each cell contains two sets of genes, one from your mother and one from your father. For ease of storage and access, the genes are packaged up into 46 parcels called chromosomes.

 

 

What are Chromosomes

Chromosomes are bundles of tightly coiled DNA located within the nucleus of almost every cell in our body. Humans have 46 chromosomes in their somatic (non- reproductive) cells.

We inherit one set of 23 chromosomes from our mother and one set of 23 chromosomes from our father. So we have two sets of 23 chromosomes or 23 pairs.

Back to our main topic; the plant we are talking about is not uncommon for these peers to know what kind of seed it is and when you store it you know in its genetic makeup what it tastes like.

That’s what the elders say: Lolu luhlobo olungalonjwa nhlanyelo. Meaning this type of a plant cannot bear fruits which we can keep its seeds.

In Humanity we use this term to describe the origin or depth of birth.

The male sows sperm in the womb of a woman, and the uterus remains in the womb until the day of the birth. The boy continues the family line from his father, expands it, and grows the family into a nation.

 

 

 

 

Today we hear about different ethnic groups, the Ndebele, the Tongan, the Kalanga, the Shona, the Nanzva, and so on.

The kinship of these people is so widespread that they call each other by their different surnames, and then there are the problems that require relatives, who, when you inquire about those who know the culture and customs, tell you that “something is wrong in the family.” If these methods are not followed well the whole family tends to be in a bad spell.

To put it bluntly: it is important that we understand that the name of the family is preserved through following the customs and and cultures. We will continue going deeper and deeper in this lesson about genetic inheritance.

 

bhekani.bhekzin1@gmail.com, Facebook: Bhekani M Dube, Twitter: Bhekani Dube the poet.

 

Bhekani Dube is the author of two novels, Umuzi WeXgegu and My Painful Secret. He has two poetic albums called Zhwane and Ngiyabuza. The third Album is on its way entitled Butho leSizwe (National Army).

 

 

 

 

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